Take your pick of stories about the Melungeons and you will see that there is no doubt that these people were the Jews who were the offspring of the first Marrano’s that arrived in the USA more than likely involved in the Indian and Black slave trade. Wikipedia doesn’t go very deep into the fact that the so called “White” part of these tri racial people may not have been White at all, but Jew. Wikipedia does have some pertinent facts on these people as far as names go as you will see. Here are a few clips from websites on the Melungeons. Some may be part truths, some may be no truth at all, but the common denominator is the Jew and more evidence of history deliberately withheld. If Jews were amongst the Indians it was to make them slaves. They had hatchlings with these slaves as they did with the Black slaves. So maybe it wasnt really Blacks that sold themselves, but Jew Blacks that sold themselves. The Indians were also without a doubt more victims of the satanic Jew and it had nothing to do with the ancient Israelites who may have come to America thousands of years before these Marrano Edomite racially mixed so called Jews.
I’m going to speak to you today about the influence of Sephardic Jews – one of the two divisions of world Jewry, the Western division — on Indian cultures in the Southeast U.S. in a time frame of approximately 1600 to 1800, when the area was predominantly Spanish and the first contact took place between the tribes of the interior and traders from the coastal settlements of St. Augustine, Savannah, Jamestown and Pensacola. My work seeks to establish the thesis that—funny as it may sound—the five so-called “Civilized Tribes” of the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole owe their high degree of assimilation, long history of treaty-making, trade and legal rights, and in fact their very survival to Sephardic Jews like my forefather Isaac Cooper. It is not true that the Indians of North America are descendants of the lost tribes of Israel, but it is true that the earliest Jewish travelers and the indigenous people they visited and chose to settle among had many, many things in common. Relations between the two races were probably promoted by the mistaken belief on both sides that they were historically related. Whatever the implications of this wrong notion might have been, the Jewish descent of Indians was generally accepted on a popular level and also on a scientific level until quite recently. In the interests of condensing a large amount of material into the short span of thirty minutes here at the ISAC conference, I will concentrate on three arguments to show the degree of inter-influence between Jews and Indians—the identity and importance of the Melungeons, the ancient history of North American reflected in what is called Indian seer tradition, and certain chiefs’ genealogies.
My first argument has to do with Melungeons, a “triracial Appalachian isolate,” whose origins have, until recently, been one of the long-standing mysteries of American history. Nearly every surname in my family tree – also in my wife’s – is a Melungeon name, though there are only about 200 identified as such. Several substantive research works have been written about this ethnic group, each building upon the others to identify their origins. Among the most popular and well-documented theories are (1) that the Melungeons are survivors of Sir Walter Raleigh’s “Lost Colony” of Roanoke, (2) that the Melungeons are descendents of early Spanish and Portuguese sailors marooned or “dumped” in the Carolinas, and (3) that the Melugeons are the descendents of converso Moors and Jews who fled the Inquisition. In 2003, the Mercer University Press in nearby Macon will publish Dr. Elizabeth Hirschman’s breakthrough study, Melungeons: The Last Lost Tribe in America. I was fortunate enough to read the work in manuscript and become a collaborator with Hirschman, who is a marketing professor at Rutgers University and a well-known marketing consultant specializing in the impact of ethnicity on consumer behavior. Using a combination of y-chromosome testing, genealogy and local history, Hirschman has proved beyond the shadow of a doubt that the forebears of the Melungeons were Sephardic Jews. Among her quite brilliant discoveries are that Daniel Boone, David Crockett, Andrew Jackson, Jefferson Davis, Sam Houston and James Robertson, the founder of the Cumberland settlements were Jewish, if not in practice, at least in genetics and by association.
The establishment of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607 was indeed an important event in American history. But it was by no means the first European settlement in the New World. The Spanish established the Santa Elena, South Carolina, colony in 1566, forty yrs before Jamestown. The colony thrived for more than twenty yrs until it was overrun by the English in 1587. But since the English won the battle for this Nation, Santa Elena was conveniently left out of American history books.
What happened to the survivors of Santa Elena, and who were they? Their identity is important to understanding the hidden role played by Islam in the shaping of the American nation. Many of the Santa Elena colonists were converted Muslims and Jews or Conversos. In Spain the Muslims were known as Mudajjan a word probably related to the term Melungeon. Ethnically, many of the Santa Elena colonists were Berber Muslims and Sephardic Jews, recruited by the Portuguese Captain Joao Pardo from the heavily Berber Galician Mountains of northern Portugal in 1567—-less than one year before the Inquisition kicked into high gear against the Muslims.
Mel~ Santa Elena is where present day Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island is located.
When Santa Elena fell, its inhabitants-including its converted Jews and Muslims-escaped into the mountains of North Carolina. And there they survived, intermarrying to some degree with Native Americans, eventually merging with a second group arriving on American shores in, ironically, 1587—-the same year Santa Elena fell.
The theory is Crypto or Converso Sephardic Jews in America gave their children unique Jewish names. I had encountered some odd names while looking at our New England family groups. One particular name stood out; Uncle Carmi BENSON who lived in the late 1700′s in Upstate New York. At the time, I wondered what kind of New English(ish) sort of name was “Carmi”. It sounded Italian, not Puritan. I checked the census during his life, and there were a small handful of other Carmis. I could not make sense of it, so Uncle Carmi went on a shelf.
With a new direction on where to go to look for the origin of “Carmi”; I checked on the Sephardic Jewish name lists. Lo and behold, there was Carmi, an North African Sephardic Jewish name. I then read Melungeons: The Last Lost Tribe in America by Dr. Elizabeth C. Hirschman, a Melungeon descendant, and professor at Rutgers University.
I learned that the Sephardic Jewish descendants in America, who were either Converso or Crypto, often mixed with the Moors/Moriscoes of Spain, left naming clues for us to find. Fortunately for me, as a descendant of Mormon pioneers, my relatives had faithfully done their genealogy and consequently I had large files of names I could access from my home computer.
From Wiki (Random Cuts)
There are many hypotheses about the etymology of the term “Melungeon”. One theory favored by linguists and many researchers on the topic, and found in several dictionaries, is that the name derives from the French mélange, or mixture. As there were French Huguenot immigrants in Virginia from 1700, their language could have contributed a term.
The scholars Joanne Pezzullo and Karlton Douglas speculate that a more likely derivation of “Melungeon,” related to the English culture of the colonies, may have been from the now obsolete English word “malengin” (also spelled “mal engine”) meaning “guile”, “deceit”, or “ill intent.” It was used by Edmund Spenser as the name of a trickster figure in his epic poem The Faerie Queene (1590–1596), widely popular in Elizabethan England. The phrase “harbored them Melungins” would be equivalent to “harbored someone of ill will,” or could mean “harbored evil people,” without reference to any ethnicity.
Another theory traces the word to malungu (or malungo), a Luso-African word from Angola meaning “shipmate”, derived from the Kimbundu word ma’luno, meaning “companion” or “friend”.
Kennedy (1994) speculates that it derives from the Turkish melun can (from Arabic mal`un jinn ملعون جنّ), which purportedly means “damned soul.” But, the Turkish word can, meaning “soul”, is Persian in origin, rather than Arabic. Kennedy apparently confuses it with the Arabic word jinn, better known as genie. He suggests that, at the time, the (condemned soul) was a term used by Turks for Muslims who had been captured and enslaved aboard Spanish galleons.
Some writers try to connect the term “Melungeon” to an ethnic origin of people designated by that term, but there is no basis for this assumption. It appears the name arose as an exonym, something which neighboring people, of whatever origin, called the multiracial people.
Some individuals begin to self-identity as Melungeons after reading about the group on a website and discovering their surname on the expanding list of “Melungeon-associated” surnames. Others believe they have certain physical traits or conditions. For example, some Melungeons are allegedly identifiable by shovel-shaped incisors, a dental feature more commonly found among, but not restricted to, Native Americans and Northeast Asians. A second feature attributed by some to Melungeons is an enlarged external occipital protuberance, dubbed an “Anatolian bump”, after an unsubstantiated hypothesis, popularized by N. Brent Kennedy, that Melungeons are of Turkish origin. Academic historians have not found any evidence for this thesis, nor is it supported by results from the Melungeon DNA Project.
Free people of color, sometimes mixed-race families, are documented as migrating with European-American neighbors in the first half of the 18th century to the frontier of Virginia and to North and South Carolina. The Collins, Gibson, and Ridley (Riddle) families owned land adjacent to one another in Orange County, North Carolina, where they and the Bunch family were listed as “free Molatas (mulattos)”, taxable on tithes in 1755. By settling in frontier areas, free people of color found more amenable living conditions and could escape some of the racial strictures of plantation areas.
Not long after, Collins and Gibson families (identified as Melungeon ancestors) were members of the Stony Creek Primitive Baptist Church in nearby Scott County, Virginia, where they appear to have been treated as social equals of the white members. The earliest documented use of the term “Melungeon” is found in the minutes of this church (see Etymology below). While there are historical references to the documents, the originals have not been found, and evidence came from a transcribed copy.
The families known as “Melungeons” in the 19th century were generally well integrated into the communities in which they lived, though this is not to say that racism was never a factor in their social interactions. Records show that on the whole they enjoyed the same rights as whites. For example, they held property, voted, and served in the Army; some, such as the Gibsons, owned slaves as early as the 18th century.
More recently, Jack Goins, an independent researcher, has acted as coordinator of the Melungeon DNA Project, an independent project started in 2005. Its goal is to study the ancestry of lines for which there is academic and genealogical consensus as belonging to historical Melungeon families. According to Jack Goins, the Melungeons who have the following surnames are in the Core Melungeon Group 1: Bunch, Collins, Goins, Gibson, Minor, Williams, Breedlove, Mullins, Denham, Bowlin(g), Moore, Shumake, Bolton, Perkins, Morning, Menley, Hopkins, and Mallet.
The Y-chromosomal DNA testing of male subjects with the Melungeon surnames Collins, Gibson, Goins, Bunch, Bowlin(g), Denham, Mullins, Hopkins, Perkins, Williams, Minor and Moore, has so far revealed evidence of a majority of European and sub-Saharan African ancestry: Y haplogroups R1b, R1a, I1, and E1b1a, respectively.
~Hard to say how the name Gibson took hold into a Sephardic Jewish Melungeon lineage. I don’t claim to have the answers, but sometimes the best way to get answers is to throw it all out on the floor so it has to be stepped in or stepped over. This certainly doesn’t mean that all Gibson’s were Melungeons, but the fact that they were of Sephardic Jewish descent is something to think about.
JFK once said “Forgive your enemies, but never forget their names”. Kennedy happened to make this list as well. http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mtnties/name.html#Melungeoned
Again, Jews steal names so this isn’t to suggest all these names are associated with Jews or Melungeons, but imagine the damage one could do if gone undetected? Our forefathers knew who they were for a reason. More importantly Jews also knew who they were. It may be a good thing that you do as well.